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NW_GR312   Des Moines, IA            November 30, 2018           USDA Market News

Iowa Hay Summary    Week Ending  November 30, 2018

Snow in southern Iowa drove livestock producers to move their livestock in from pastures
and closer to shelters. This resulted in more buyers at sales. Buyers of better quality hay
ran prIces higher, more willing to pay for better quality than they had been earlier in
the year. A greater variety of hay showed up at the markets, but again, not much of it qualified
in the top quality grade.   

Alfalfa                 Supreme  Small Squares		$280.00 - $360.00
                        	 Large Squares		$280.00 - $280.00
			Premium  Large Squares		$245.00 - $280.00
Alfalfa/Grass		Premium  Small Squares          $210.00 - $240.00
                                 Large Squares          $210.00 - $245.00
Grass			Premium  Large Squares		$210.00 - $250.00
                        Good	 Large Squares		$160.00 - $190.00
                                 Large Rounds		$160.00 - $180.00
			Fair	 Large Rounds           $130.00 - $170.00
                        Utility  Large Rounds           $ 80.00 - $145.00	
Straw			Oat      Small Squares		$180.00 - $200.00
                                 Large Rounds		$115.00 - $115.00

Corn Stalks			 Large Round            $ 60.00 - $ 60.00                             
No organic hay sales reported this week.		

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines:  (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass)

                  ADF     NDF     *RFV    **TDN-100% **TDN-   CP
Supreme           <27     <34     >185        >62    >55.9   >22
Premium          27-29   34-36  170-185     60.5-62  54.5-5 20-22
Good             29-32   36-40  150-170      58-60   52.5-5 18-20
Fair             32-35   40-44  130-150      56-58   50.5-5 16-18
Utility           >35     >44     <130        <56    <50.5   <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium                 Over 13
          Good                      9-13
          Fair                      5-9
          Low                     Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
          leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
          Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.

Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold. Defects will be identified in market
         reports when using this category.

Source: Source: USDA Market News Service, Des Moines, IA
        Nina Biensen  515-284-4460
        24 Hour recorded market information 515-284-4830
0900 NB